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英语语法之代词09-another other others the other the others

Another,other,others,the other,  the others
1) another 翻译成“再(又)一个”,可作形容词或代词,泛指三者或三者以上的“另一个”。
如:I don’t like this shirt. Can you show me another (one)?
我不喜欢这个衬衫,能给我看看另一个吗?
I don’t like this shirt. Can you show me other shirts?
I don’t like this shirt. Can you show me the other shirts?
2)other翻译成“其他的,别的”,可作形容词或代词,做形容词时,意思是"别的,其他的,其余的",泛指"其他的(人或物)"。如:
Ask some other people. 问问别人吧!
Other和another主要区别:
Another+单数名词    other后接复数名词
注:“数词+more+复数名词”=“another+数词+复数名词”=“数词+other+复数名词”。如:
Give me three more days.= Give me another three days.=Give me three other books.
3) others=other+名词,the others=the other+名词
Other(Others)  vs.  The other(The others)
The other(The others) 指“剩余的全部”,
Other(Others)指“剩余的一部分”
如:On the playground, some (=some students ) are playing basketball, others(=other students) are playing football. 在操场上,一些学生在玩篮球,一些学生在玩足球。(还有一些学生在玩别的)
There are forty students in my class. Some (=some students) are boys, the others(=the other students) are girls. 我们班有四十人。一些是男孩,其他的都是女孩。
Hi, Tom, these are ten pears. Three of them are yours, the others(=the other seven pears) are mine. 嗨,汤姆,这些是十个梨,三个是你的,其余的都是我的。
Some(+名词)...others(=other+名词),表示“一些...另一些(剩余的一部分)...
Some(+名词)...the others(=the other+名词),表示“一些...另一些(剩余的全部)...
注:固定搭配
One(+名词)...the other(+名词单数)...表示两者里“一个...另一个(两者中的另一个)...
如:He has two sisters. One(sister) is tall, the other(sister) is short.
他有两个姐姐,一个高,一个矮。
Where is the other shoe? 另一只鞋跑哪去了?
One...another...the other(the third)...三者里,“一个...,另一个...,第三个...”
如:I have three cars. One is black, another is white, the other(the third) is blue.

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