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英语语法之代词08-some any each every few little

Many vs. Much
many和much都有"许多"的意思,many表示或修饰可数名词, much表示或修饰不可数名词。many作主语时,谓语动词用复数,much作主语时,谓语动词用单数. 如:
Much of the time is free.  许多时间是空闲的。
Many people want to stay here.许多人想呆在这儿。
 
Each 和every
each指两者或两者以上的人或事物中的每一个,every指三者或三者以上的人或事物中的每一个,后面都接名词的单数形式. each 和every都有"每个"的意思,但each强调"个体",every强调"全体"。Each可以和of 连用,但every不能和of连用。如:
There are trees and flowers on each side of the street.街道的每一边都遍布树和花。
Every student has got a book.每个学生都得到一本书。
 
Few, a few vs. Little, a little
A.  a few, few后都接可数名词的复数,但a few表示肯定概念,意思是"虽少但有一些";few表示否定概念,意思是"没有多少,几乎没有"。如:
Few of them know Spanish. But a few of them know English.
他们当中很少有人懂西班牙语,但是有几个人懂英语。
B.  A little, little 后都接不可数名词,但a little表示肯定概念,意思是"虽少但有一些";little表示否定概念,意思是"没有多少,几乎没有"。如:
He has a little money, but I have little money. 他还有点钱,可我没什么钱了。
注:有关的固定搭配,如:
not a few 相当多的 only a few仅少数,只有几个  little by little逐渐地 
quite a few 相当多的 not a little很,非常=very much
扩展:not a little与not a bit的区别
not a little意为“very much” “很,十分”之意. 如:
After a day’s work, I don’t feel a little tired now. 经过一天的劳作,现在我感到非常疲惫。
not a bit意为“not at all; not in the least”即,“一点也不……”。如:
Although I have worked a day, I don’t feel a bit tired now. 我尽管已工作了一整天,但现在我一点儿也感觉不到累。

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