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英语语法之冠词03-零冠词用法



3. 零冠词;泛指 
 
零冠词用法口诀:
代词限定名词前,专有名词不可数。
复数名词表泛指,语言学科运动车。
季月节假日餐球,颜色材料和国家。
称呼头衔及习语,不加a来不加the.
            
(1)代词限定名词前
This car is mine.(正)            The this car is mine.(误)
Where is my cat?(正)           Where is a my cat?(误)
Which daughter is yours?(正)     The which daughter is yours?(误)
 
(2)专有名词不可数
专有名词:如; Europe,New York, China ,
和由专有名词+普通名词组成构成的专有名词前用零冠词,如:
Yale University,Peking University ,Nanjing Railway Station,Nanjing Road 南京路, Hainan Island 海南岛
不可数:Time is money.
        Water is very important.
        Anger can make people ugly.
        I like drinking beer.
 
(3) 复数名词表泛指
on Sundays      There are cats and dogs in the park.
 
(4) 语言学科运动车
Do you speak English?
Maths is one of the most important subjects.
My favorite sport is swimming.  Bungee jumping is so fun.
Will you get there by bus/on foot/by plane?
 
(5) 季月节假日餐球
In winter    in summer  in autumn    in spring 
September is the ninth month of a year.    I was born on June.
We will go to the cinema on Friday.
Today is New Year’s day.  Christmas is coming.
have breakfast   have lunch   have dinner
He likes playing football.
 
(6) 颜色材料和国家
The boy in blue is Tom.
The table is made of wood.
Gold is more valuable than silver.
China is becoming stronger and stronger.
 
(6) 称呼头衔及习语
称呼头衔:He was elected manager/chairman of the marketing department.
                
常见习语:
day and night(日日夜夜),   face to face(面对面),      watch TV(看电视), 
at school /work /home (在学校/在工作/在家),     in trouble(在困境中), 
by train 乘火车(=on a train),   by ship 乘船(=on a ship),    by taxi 乘出租车(= in a taxi)
by plane 乘飞机(=on a plane),  by bus 乘公交车(=on a bus),  by bike 骑自行车(=on a bike),
by car 乘小汽车(=in a car),  on foot 步行,    on duty(值日/值班),
at noon /night /dawn (在中午/晚上/黎明)
arm in arm 臂挽臂,    side by side 肩并肩,   one by one 一个接一个,  father and son 父子, 
brother and sister 兄妹,  mother and child 母子,   husband and wife 夫妻, 
sun and moon 日月,   from time to time 有时,不时,  from east to west 从东到西,
from beginning to end 自始至终,   from morning till night 从早到晚,    hand in hand 手拉手, 
day by day 一天一天的,   step by step 循序渐进,     from door to door 挨家挨户
hour after hour 一个小时又一个小时