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英语语法之形容词和副词最高级用法及常见词辨析01

形容词&副词最高级的用法
最高级前要加定冠词the,但是副词的最高级前的the可以省略。
(1)三者或三者以上相比较,用"the+最高级+名词+范围"结构.如:
This is the cleanest place of the city. 这是这个城市最干净的地方.
She runs fastest of all the girls in our class. 她是我们班女生中跑得最快的.
注:of 与 in 区别:of 后加同类范围,in后加不同类范围。
(2)表示"最……之一",用"one of the+形容词&副词最高级+复数名词".例如:
The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest buildings in the world.中国的长城是世界上最伟大的建筑之一.
This is one of the most interesting books that I've ever read. 这是我读过的最有趣的书之一.
注: 形容词最高级前面必须加定冠词the,但当形容词最高级前面有物主代词,指示代词,名词所有格修饰时,则不加the. 而副词最高级可加the,也可不加the.如:
(正)This is my best friend.
(误)This is my the(the my) best friend.
He runs the fastest in our class.= He runs fastest in our class.
He is the fastest in our class.
 
易混点之几组词的辨析
1.farther 和further
在谈论地点,方向和距离时,两者可互换。但further 还有“进一步,更多,稍后,额外”之意,这里不能用farther代替。
There is a gas station a few miles farther down the road. 沿这条路走几英里有一个加油站。.
We must get further information.我们必须获得更多的信息。
2.older 和elder
older 常用于比较的句型,表示“较老的,较旧的,年纪较大的”。
elder 只用于比较一家人的年龄长幼,意为“年长的”还可以指“资格老的”.
除此之外elder只能用来指人;older既可修饰人,也可修饰物。
You bike is older than mine. He is older than you.
He is my elder brother. He is an elder teacher.
3. good, well
good 是形容词,用作表语和定语,表示某物好,表示人品好,善良等。
well 兼做形容词和副词,做副词时是good的副词形式,作形容词时表示身体健康,只能作表语。
   He is a good kid.    He is good.
--How are you ? 你(身体)好吗?
--I am very well./Fine, thank you.我(身体)很好,谢谢。
4.ill 和sick 两者都可作表语,但作定语的只能是sick,且sick还可以表示厌烦的,恶心的。
The little boy is ill.   The sick boy is lying in bed.
I am sick of eating hamburgers.
5.sometime,sometimes,some time与some times的区别
 sometime:表示将来的或过去的某一个不确定的时间。
 sometimes:有时,不时的= at times
 some time:一段时间
 some times:几次,几倍
 如:We’ll go to the US sometime next year.
Sometimes we are very busy.
He stayed in Beijing for some time last year.
I have been to Beijing some times.

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