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2014年全国高考英语2卷阅读理解B篇翻译与解析


2014年全国高考英语2卷阅读理解B篇翻译与解析
Since the first Earth Day in 1970, American have gotten a lot “greener” toward the environment. “We didn’t know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,” says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA.
自从1970年第一个地球日以来,美国人就有很多环境“新手”的称号。美国地球日组织的主席布鲁斯•安德森说:“那时候我们并不知道还有环境这一说,更不用说环境问题了”
But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement. Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. “The understanding has increased many, many times,” says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first Earth Day.
但是一开始这个并不重要的公共事业逐渐变成了一种社会活动。商人、政治领袖、大学教授,尤其还有数百万美国草根民众也参与进来。首先提出“地球日”的威斯康辛州的前州长盖洛德∙尼尔森说:“人们对地球日的理解已成倍增长。”
According to US government reports , emissions (排放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 million tons .The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. 
据美国政府报道,汽车和卡车的排放量从每年1030万吨降至550万吨。一氧化碳超标的城市数量也已经从40个减少到9个。
Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with, the world is a safer and healthier place. A kind of “Green thinking” has become part of practices.
尽管严重的问题依然存在,需要被解决,但是现在世界更安全、更健康。“绿色思维”已经成为习俗的一部分。
Great improvement has been achieved. In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs, today in 1995 there are about 6,600. Advanced lights, motors, and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution.
在环保方面已经取得了巨大的进步。在1998年,仅有600项回收项目,但在1995年的今天,这一数字增长到6600个。先进的灯光、汽车以及建筑设计帮助节省了很多能源,因此防止了污染。
Twenty–five years ago, there were hardly any education programs for environment. Today, it’s hard to find a public school, university, or law school that does not have such a kind of program. “Until we do that, nothing else will change! ” say Bruce Anderson.
25年前几乎没有环境教育项目。而现在,你很难找到没有这类项目的公立学校、大学以及法律学院。布鲁斯•安德森说:“只有我们付出行动,改变才会发生!
【小题1】 According to Anderson , before 1970, Americans had little idea about ___
A the social movement 
B recycling techniques
C environmental problems
D the importance of Earth Day 
【小题2】Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from?
A The grass –roots level 
B The business circle 
C Government officials
D University professors 
【小题3】What have Americans achieved in environmental protection ?
A They have cut car emissions to the lowest 
B They have settled their environmental problems 
C They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities.
D They have reduced pollution through effective measures .
【小题4】.What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph ?
A Education 
B Planning 
C Green living 
D CO reduction