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2014年全国高考英语1卷完形填空翻译与解析


2014年全国高考英语1卷完形填空翻译与解析
As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规)basis. 
通常来说,当所有类型的活动成为每日必做的事情时,厌倦就产生了。
As a matter of fact, we can see this (41 principle) at work in people of all (42 ages.) 
事实上,我们可以看到这个准则对于任何年龄的人都适用。
41. A. principle      B. habit     C. weaker        D. power
42. A. parties     B. races       C. countries       D. ages
For example, on Christmas morning, children are excited about (43 playing) with their new toys. 
例如,在圣诞节的早上,孩子们很激动的玩着他们的新玩具。
43. A. working       B. living      C. playing         D. going
But their (44 interest) soon wears off and by January those (45 same) toys can be found put away in the basement. 
但是他们的兴趣很快就消逝,到了一月份的时候,就只能在地下室里找到那些相同的玩具了。
44. A. confidence      B. interest       C. anxiety   D. sorrow
45. A. same     B. extra     C. funny      D. expensive
The world is full of (46 half-filled) stamp albums and unfinished models, each standing as a monument to someone’s (47 passing) interest. 
这个世界尽是装了一半的集邮册和未完工的模型,每一个都如一个立着的纪念碑来纪念某个人转瞬即逝的兴趣。
46. A. well-organized  B. colorfully-printed     C. newly- collected    D. half-filled
47. A. broad     B. passing     C. different          D. main
When parents bring home a pet, their child (48 gladly) bathes it and brushes its fur. 
当家长们带回家一个宠物时,他们的孩子会很开心地给它洗澡和刷它的毛。
48. A. silently       B. impatiently      C. gladly    D. worriedly
Within a short time, however, the (49 burden) of caring for the animal is handed over to the parents. 
然而,很快,照顾动物的负担就转移到父母身上。
49. A. promise         B. burden       C. right       D. game
Adolescents enter high school with great (50 excitement) but are soon looking forward to (51 graduation). The same is true of the young adults going to college.
青少年带着兴奋的心情走进高中,但是很快就期待毕业。这种情况同样发生在大学生身上。
50. A. courage   B. calmness     C. confusion      D. excitement
51. A. graduation    B. independence C. responsibility   D. success
And then, how many (52 adults) , who  now complain (抱怨) about the long drives to work, (53 eagerly) drove for hours at a time when they first (54 obtained) their driver’s license (执照)? 
还有,有多少成年人现在抱怨长时间的开车去上班,可他们当初刚刚拿到驾照时,却是迫不及待地开上好几个小时呢。
52. A. children       B. students     C. adults    D. retirees
53. A. carefully   B. eagerly       C. nervously   D. bravely
54. A. required    B.obtained     C. noticed       D.discovered
Before people retire, they usually (55 plan) to do a lot of (56 great) things, which they never had (57 time) to do while working. 
在人们退休之前,他们经常计划去做很多他们是上班一族时没有时间去做的美妙的事。
55. A. need       B. learn       C. start       D. plan
56. A. great    B. strong  C. difficult       D. correct
57. A. time     B. money     C. skills      D. knowledge
But (58 soon) after retirement, the golfing, the fishing, the reading and all of the other pastimes become as boring as the jobs they (59 left). 
但是在他们退休后不久,高尔夫,钓鱼,阅读和其它所有的消遣变得和他们当初的工作一样无聊。
58. A. only       B. well      C. even       D. soon.
59. A. lost      B. chose    C. left        D. quit
And, like the child in January, they go searching for new (60 toys).
就像一月份的小孩那样,他们开始去寻找新的玩具。
60. A. pets       B. toys     C. friends   D. colleagues