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2014年全国高考英语1卷阅读理解C篇翻译与解析


2014年全国高考英语1卷阅读理解C篇翻译与解析
A typical lion tamer(驯兽师)in people’s mind is an entertainer holding a whip( 鞭) at a chair. The whip gets all of the attention, but it’s mostly for show. In reality, it’ the chair that does the important work. 
人们对驯兽师的固有形象就是一个在椅子边手持皮鞭的表演者。皮鞭是人们关注的焦点,但那多半只是为了表演。事实上,是椅子起着重要的作用。
When a lion tamer holds a chair in front of the lion’s face, the lion tries to focus on all four legs of the chair at the same time. With its focus divided, the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next. 
当一个驯兽师把椅子置于狮子的面前时,狮子会尽力把注意力同时都放在椅子的四条腿上。由于注意力不集中了,狮子变得困惑,不确定下一步该做什么。
When faced with so many options, the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair.
当面对诸多选择时,狮子就会选择不动和等待,而不是攻击拿着椅子的人。
How often do you find yourself in the same position as the lion? How often do you have something you want to achieve (e.g. lose weight, start a business, travel more)—only to end up confused by all of the options in front of you and never make progress?
你是否经常发现自己处在和狮子一样的处境呢?你是否经常有许多理想想去实现(如减肥、创业和多旅行)-却最终被面前的诸多选择所困惑而无进展吗?
This upsets me to no end because while all the experts are busy debating about which option is the best, the people who want to improve their lives are left confused by all of the conflicting information. 
这让我非常心烦,因为当所有的专家们都在忙着争论哪个选择是最好的时候,想要改善他们生活的人却被这些互相矛盾的信息困惑着。
The end result is that we feel like we can’t focus or that we’re focused on the wrong things, and so we take less action, make less progress, and stay the same when we could be improving.
最终的结果是我们感觉我们无法集中注意力,或者是我们把注意力集中在错误的事情上。因此我们缺乏行动,没什么进步,在我们本可以有改进时却原地踏步。
It doesn’t have to be that way. Anytime you find the world waving a chair in your face, remember this: All you need to do is focus on one thing. You just need to get started. Starting before you feel ready is one of the habits of successful people. 
可以不这样的。每当你发现这个世界你面前挥动椅子时,记住:你所需做的只是专注于一件事。你只需开始行动起来。在你感觉准备好了之前就开始行动是成功人士的习惯之一。
If you have somewhere you want to go, something you want to accomplish, someone you want to become…take immediate action. If you’re clear about where you want to go, the rest of the world will either help you get there or get out of the way.
如果你有想去的地方,想完成的心愿,想成为的人…立刻采取行动吧。如果你清楚的知道你想去的地方,其他人要么会帮你,要么会安静的走开的。
28. Why does the lion tamer use a chair?
 
A. To trick the lion.           B. To show off his skills.
 
C. To get ready for a fight.     D. To entertain  the audience.
 
29. In what sense are people similar to a lion facing a chair?
 
A. They feel puzzled over choices.      B. They hold on to the wrong things.
 
C. They find it hard to make changes.    D. They have to do something for show
 
30. What is the author’s attitude towards the expert mentioned in Paragraph3?
 
A. Tolerant.
 
B. Doubtful.
 
C. Respectful.
 
D. Supportive.
 
31. When the world is “ waving a chair in your face”, you’re advised to _____
 
A. wait for a better chance
 
B. break your old habits
 
C. make a quick decision
 
D. ask for clear guidance