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2014年全国高考英语1卷阅读理解B篇翻译与解析



2014年全国高考英语1卷阅读理解B篇翻译与解析

Passenger pigeons (旅鸽)once flew over much of the United States in unbelievable numbers. 
曾有数量庞大的旅鸽飞越美国很多地方。
Written accounts from the 18th and 19th centuries described flocks (群)so large that they darkened the sky for hours. 
根据18世纪和19世纪的记载,大规模成群的旅鸽经过时,天空都暗了几个小时。
It was calculated that when it population reached its highest point ,they were more than 3billlion passenger pigeons—a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world.
据估计,当旅鸽的数量达到最高值时,大约有30多亿只,这一数字占美国鸟类总量的24%到40%,也许是世界上数量最多的鸟了。
Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already become smaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515 kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati.
即使到了1870年,旅鸽的数量有所减少,但是人们还是在辛辛那提附近看到了1英里宽,长度达320英里(约515公里)的鸽群。
Sadly the abundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. 
不幸的是,可能正是旅鸽数量的充足导致了它们的毁灭。
Where the birds were most abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands.
在旅鸽数量很多的地方,人们认为会有源源不断地鸟供给,因此大批地捕杀它们。
Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants.
以盈利为目的的捕抓人用谷物将它们引至小空地,等待着直到旅鸽落下来觅食,然后用大网将它们网住,一次能捕到几百只。这些鸟被运送到大城市,出售给餐馆。
By the closing decades of the 19th century ,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged by American’s need for wood, which scattered (驱散) the flocks and forced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and storms contributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seen again.
到了19世纪的后几十年,美国对木材的需求导致旅鸽筑巢的硬木树林被毁坏,成群的鸽子被驱散,并且迫使它们向更北的地方迁徙,而北部的低温和暴雪导致了鸽子数量的减少。不久,成群的鸟儿消失了,再也没有出现过。
In 1897, the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons,but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years. The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy in Pike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time, a few birds survived under human care. The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the Cincinnati Zoological Garden on September 1, 1914.
在1897年,密歇根州通过了一项法律,禁止捕杀旅鸽,但到那时,已经有十年没有看到相当规模的鸽群了。最后证实的一只美国旅鸽在1990年被俄亥俄州派克县的一个小男孩杀死了。曾有一段时间,一些鸟儿在人类的保护下存活下来。它们中的最后一只,人们亲切地称它为玛莎,于1914年9月1日在辛辛那提动物园去世。
24. In the 18th and early 19teh centuries, passenger pigeons____
 
A. were the biggest bird in the world
 
B. lived mainly in the south of America
 
C. did great harm to the natural environment
 
D. were the largest bird population in the Us
 
25. The underlined word “ undoing” probably refers to the pigeons’ ____.
 
A. escape         B. ruin     C. liberation     D. evolution
 
26. What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons?
 
A. To seek pleasure.       B. To save other birds.
 
C. To make money.        D. To protect crops.
 
27. What can we infer about the law passed in Michigan?
 
A. It was ignored by the public.       B.  It was declared too late.
 
C. It was unfair.                D. It was strict.