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2016年浙江高考英语阅读理解D篇翻译与解析

本文主要讲述了作者认为两件事改变了她的人生:母亲,和一个自行车车筐。通过作者要买一个自行车车筐,母亲教会作者做任何事情都要自力更生,通过自己的努力得来的东西才是最珍贵的。
应掌握知识点:
1. Accessory:附件; (衣服的)配饰; 
2. Polish: 擦光; 磨光; 修改; 润色
3. Naked:  裸体的,裸露的; 率直的
4. Disaster: 灾难,不幸
 
2016年浙江高考英语阅读理解D篇
      Two things changed my life: my mother and a white plastic bike basket. I have thought long and hard about it and it’s true. I would be a different person if my mom hadn’t turned a silly bicycle accessory into a life lesson I carry with me today.
      两件事改变了我的生活:我的妈妈和一个白色的塑料自行车车筐。我对此进行了长久的深刻的思考,这是正确的(指这两件事改变了我的生活)。如果不是我的妈妈把一个不实用的自行车配饰变成我到今天还谨记的人生教诲,我现在就不会是我了。
      My mother and father were united in their way of raising children, but it mostly fell to my mother to actually carry it out. Looking back, I honestly don’t know how she did it. Managing the family budget must have been a very hard task., but she made it look effortless. 
      我的父母在教育孩子上,意见是统一的,但是大多数时候都是母亲来执行这一任务。回首过去,老实说我不知道她是怎么做到的。应付家庭预算就一定是一项非常困难的工作,但是她却使之看起来毫不费力。
      If we complained about not having what another kid did, we’d hear something like, “I don’t care what so –and –so got for his birthday, you are not getting a TV in your room / a car for your birthday / a lavish sweet 16 party.” We had to earn our allowance by doing chores around the house. I can still remember how long it took to polish the legs of our coffee table.
      如果我们抱怨没有其他小孩有的东西,我们会听到诸如这样的话:“我不在乎谁谁谁过生日得到什么东西,反正你屋子里不能有个电视/你过生日不会得到一辆车/你不会有一个奢侈的16岁生日趴。” 我们必须通过在家里做家务来挣零花钱。我依然能记得给我们家的咖啡桌子腿擦亮要花费多长时间。
      My brothers can no doubt remember hours spent cleaning the house .Like the two little girls growing up at the White House,we made our own beds (no one left the house until that was done)and picked up after ourselves.We had to keep track of our belongings ,and if something was lost ,it was not replaced.
      我的兄弟们肯定记得花费好几个小时打扫房子。像在白宫里长大的两个小女孩那样(此处应该指奥巴马的两个女儿),我们整理自己的床铺(不整理完床铺不准许离开家)和随手清理自己的东西。我们必须清楚自己的东西,如果一个东西丢了,可是没有新的的。
      It was summer and ,one day ,my mother drove me to the bike shop to get a tire fixed---and there it was in the window, White, shiny, plastic and decorated with flowers ,the basket winked at me and I knew ----I knew---I had to have it.
      那是夏天的一天,我的妈妈开车带我去自行车店修理一个车胎---就在橱窗里,那个有鲜花装饰的,白色的闪闪发光的塑料车筐向我眨眼,我知道,我就知道我必须拥有它。
      “It’s beautiful,” my mother said when I pointed it out to her,”What a neat basket.”
      “它很好看”当我把它指给妈妈看时,她说,“多么秀气的一个车筐。”
      I tried to hold off at first ,I played it cool for a short while.But then I guess I couldn’t stand it any longer:“Mom, please can I please ,please get it? I ‘ll do extra chores for as long as you say, I’ll do anything ,but I need that basket,I love that basket.Please ,Mom .Please?”
      一开始我努力的抵挡住它的诱惑,我假装若无其事了一会儿。但是我想我当时实在是再也忍不了啦,我说“妈妈,我可不可以有它?我可以多做家务,只要你说做多久就做多久,我什么都可以做,我只想要那个车筐,我太喜欢它了,求你的,妈妈?”
      I was desperate.
      我不顾一切了。
      “You know,” she said ,gently rubbing my back while we both stared at what I believes was the coolest thing ever,”If you save up you could buy this yourself.”
      “你要知道”她说,当我们两人都目不转睛的看着那个我认为世上最酷的东西时,她轻轻的摸着我的后背;“如果你攒钱的话,你自己就可以买它了”。
      “By the time I make enough it’ll be gone!”
      “等我攒够钱了,它就不在了”
      “Maybe Roger here could hold it for you,” she smiled at Roger ,the bike guy.
      “也许在这工作的Roger会为你保留它的”妈妈和卖自行车的Roger笑道。
      “He can’t hold it for that long ,Mom .Someone else will buy it .Please,Mom,Please?”
      “妈妈,他不能保留它那么长时间的。别人会买走它的,求你了,妈妈,求你了。”
      “There might be another way,”she said.
      “也许还有别的办法”她说。
      And so our paying plan unfolded.My mother bought the beautiful basket and put it safely in some hiding place I couldn’t find.Each week I eagerly counted my growing saving increased by extra work here and there (washing the car ,helping my mother make dinner, delivering or collecting things on my bike that already looked naked without the basket in front).And then ,weeks later ,I counted ,re-counted and jumped for joy. Oh ,happy day ! I made it! I finally had the exact amount we’d agreed upon….
      就这样我们的攒钱计划开始了。我的妈妈买下了这个漂亮的车筐,把它安全地藏在一个我找不到的地方。每周,我都急切地数着通过做额外家务不断积累的资金(洗车,帮妈妈做饭,用我那前面没有车筐,看起来光秃秃的自行车投递和取东西)。于是,几周后,我数钱,又数了数,我开心的跳起来。多么开心的一天啊!我终于攒够了我和妈妈当初说定的钱了。
      Days later the unthinkable happened. A neighborhood girl I’d played with millions of times appeared with the exact same basket fixed to her shiny ,new bike that already had all the bells and whistles. I rode hard and fast home to tell my mother about this disaster.This horrible turn of events.
      几天后,不可想象的事发生了。邻居一个和我一起玩过无数次的女孩骑着她的那个发光的新自行车出现在我面前,这个有着花哨的装饰物的自行车前的车筐和我的车筐一模一样。我艰难地快速地骑回家,告诉妈妈这个不幸。这个糟糕的出乎意料的转变。
      And then came the lesson . I’ve taken with me through my life:”Honey, Your basket is extra-special,” Mom said, gently wiping away my hot tears.”Your basket is special because you paid for it yourself.”
      于是就有了这个教诲。这个我一直谨记的人生教诲;“亲爱的,你的车筐是独一无二的”妈妈说,温柔的擦去我的热泪。“你的车筐是特别的,因为它是你自己挣来的。
 
55.What can we learn from the first two paragraphs?
      A. The children enjoyed doing housework.
      B.The author came from s well-off family 
      C. The mother raised her children in an unusual way
      D.The children were fond of the US president’s daughters.
56.When the author saw the basket in the window,she         .
      A. fell in love with it                    B. stared at her mother
      C. recognized it at once                  D.went up to the bike guy
57.Why did the author say many “please” to her mother?
      A. She longed to do extra work.          B. She was eager to have the basket.
      C.She felt tired after standing too long.   D.She wanted to be polite to her mother.
58.By using“naked” (Paragraph 12),the author seems to stress that the basket was        .
      A..something she could afford         B.something important to her
      C.something impossible to get          D.something she could do without
59.To the author, it seemed to be a horrible turn of events that          .
      A. something spoiled her paying plan
      B. the basket cost more than she had saved
      C.a neighborhood girl had bought a new bike
      D.someone else had got a basket of the same kind
60.What is the life lesson the author learned from her mother?
      A. Save money for a rainy day          B. Good advice is beyond all price.
      C. Earn your bread with your sweat      D. God helps those who help themselves