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2016年浙江高考英语阅读理解A篇翻译与解析

本文主要讲了传闲话的影响,及人们传闲话的原因。并在结尾提出,在传闲话前,要考虑一下所传闲话给别人带来的影响,及自己为什么要传闲话。
应掌握知识点:
1. Embarrassing: 令人尴尬的
2. Harmless: 无害的
3. convey: 传达,传送,表达
4. unwritten: 不成文的
5. unspoken: 不言而喻的
6. police: 监管,监督
 
2016年浙江高考英语阅读理解A篇
      “Did you hear what happened to Adam Last Friday?”Lindsey whispers to Tori.
       “你听说上周五发生在艾德姆身上的事了吗”林西和陶瑞悄声说。
      With her eyes shining, Tori brags,“You bet I did, Sean told me two days ago.”
      眼睛里闪着光,陶瑞吹嘘到:“我当然知道了,Sean两天前告诉我的”。
      Who are Lindsey and Tori talking about? It just happened to be yours truly, Adam Freedmam, I can tell you that what they are saying is (a) not nice and (b) not even true.
      林西和陶瑞谈论的是谁?碰巧就是你,Adam Freedmam. 我可以告诉你她俩所说的既不友好,也不是事实。
      Still, Lindsey and Tori aren’t very different from most students here at Linton High School, including me. Many of our conversations are gossip(闲话)。I have noticed three effects of gossip: it can hurt people, it can give gossipers a strange kind of satisfaction, and it can cause social pressures in a group.
      然而,林西和陶瑞和林墩高中的大多数学生无异,包括我在内。我们的很多谈话都是闲话。我注意到了闲话的的三个影响:伤害他人,给搬弄是非的人一种奇怪的满足感,给一个群体制造社会压力。
      An important negative effect of gossip is that it can hurt the person being talked about.Usually,gossip spreads information about a topic-breakups,trouble at home,even dropping out-that a person would rather keep secret.
      闲言碎语的一个重要的负面影响是它可以伤害这个被人说三道四的主人公。通常,闲言传播的信息是-谁和谁分手了,家庭矛盾,甚至是退学---这些都是人们不想让外人知道的。
      The more embarrassing or shameful the secret is,the juicier the gossip it makes.Probably the worst type of gossip is the absolute lie.People often think of gossipers as harmless,but cruel lies can cause pain.
      这个秘密越难堪,越丢脸,这个闲言就越绘声绘色。也许最坏的一类闲言就是绝对的谎言。人们一般认为说三到四的人是无害的,但是残酷的谎言会制造痛苦。
      If we know that gossip can be harmful,then why do so many of us do it?The answer lies in another effect of gossip:the satisfaction it gives us.Sharing the latest rumor(传言)can make a person feel important because he or she knows something that others don’t.
      如果我们知道闲谈是会造成伤害的,那么为什么我们很多人还是会闲谈呢?这个问题的答案就在于闲谈的另一个影响:它给人满足感。分享最新的传言可以使一个人感觉自己很重要,因为他或她知道了一些别人不知道的事。
      Similarly,hearing the latest rumor can make a person feel like part of the “in group.”In other words,gossip is satisfying because it gives people a sense of belonging or even superiority(优越感).
      同样地,听到最新的传言可以让一个人觉得是一个小团体的一分子。换言之,谈闲话是令人有满足感的,因为它给人们一种归属感甚至是优越感。
      Gossip also can have a third effect:it strengthens unwritten,unspoken rules about how people should act.Professor David Wilson explains that gossip is important in policing behaviors in a group.
      闲话还有一个影响:它加强了不成文的,不言而喻的规则,这些规则就是人们应该如何行事。大卫教授解释说,闲谈对于监督一个群体的行为很重要。
      Translated into high school terms, this means that if everybody you hang around with is laughing at what John wore or what Jane said,then you can bet that wearing or saying something similar will get you the same kind of negative attention.The do’s and don’ts conveyed through gossip will never show up in any student handbook.
      翻译成高中生的术语就是,如果和你一起玩的每个人都在嘲笑约翰的穿着或者简说的话,那么你可以肯定了穿一些或者说一些类似的话会你让得到同样的指指点点。通过闲谈传达的行为准则永远都不会在任何一本学生手册上看到。
      The effects of gossip vary depending on the situation.The next time you feel the urge to spread the latest news,think about why you want to gossip and what effects your “juicy story”might have.
      不同的情况,闲谈的影响也不同。下次当你有想要传播最新的消息的冲动时,想一想你为什么想闲谈和你的“很有料的内情”可能产生的影响。
 
41.The author uses a conversation at the beginning of the passage to      .
      A.introduce a topic
      B.present an argument 
      C.describe the characters
      D.clarify his writing purpose
42.An important negative effects of gossip is that it      .
      A.breaks up relationships 
      B.embarrasses the listener
      C.spreads information around
      D.causes unpleasant experiences
43.In the author’s opinion,many people like to gossip because it      .
      A.gives them a feeling of pleasure
      B.helps them to make more friends 
      C.makes them better at telling stories
      D.enables them to meet important people
44.Professor David Wilson think that gossip can      .
      A.provide students with written rules
      B.help people watch their own behaviors
      C.force school to improve student handbooks
      D.attract the police’s attention to group behaviors
45.What advice does the author give in the passage?
      A.Never become a gossiper
      B.Stay away from gossipers
      C.Don’t let gossip turn into lies
      D.Think twice before you gossip.