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2016年北京中考英语阅读理解D篇翻译与讲解

本篇文章为说明书。主要讲解了“无聊”对孩子成长的影响。文章的论点为“无聊可以激发孩子的想象力和创作力”。并建议孩子们应该少看电视,少玩手机电脑,多花点时间去“无聊”的想象。

2016年北京中考英语阅读理解D篇
 
Should Children Be Allowed to Get Bored?
应该准许孩子感到无聊吗?
      Children need time to stand and stare. They should be allowed to get bored so that they can develop their ability to be creative.
      孩子需要时间去驻足和凝视。他们应该被允许感到无聊因此能开发他们创造性思维的能力。
      Children are expected by their parents to be reading a textbook all the time. However, research shows that it may hamper the development of their imagination, while boredom can give them opportunities to develop creativity.
      父母希望他们的孩子一直读课本。然而,研究表明这可能会阻碍他们的想象力的发展,而无聊可以给他们开发创造力的机会。
      Boredom is often linked with loneliness, but a writer named MeeraSyal said boredom had helped here in developing her mind. She told researchers about her childhood. 
      无聊经常与孤独联系在一起,但是一个叫做海拉沙尔的作家说无聊帮助了她开发了她的思维。她告诉研究者关于她的童年。
      Having few things to do, Syal often talked with her neighbors. She also tried to do things like learning to bake cakes. “But importantly, I thought and wrote a lot, because I was bored,” Syal said. She kept a diary, filling her time with short stories and poems she made up.
      没什么事情做,沙拉就经常和她的邻居们聊天。她也尝试着去做些事情,如学烤饼干。“但是重要的是,我想和写了很多,因为我感觉到无聊”。沙尔说。她记日记,用她编造的短篇故事和诗歌来打发时间。
      Grayson Perry, an artist, grew up in a family with little money. He enjoyed himself by making up stories, drawing pictures for his stories and reading many books in the library. 
      派瑞,一个艺术家,成长在一个贫困的家庭里。通过编故事,给他的故事配图和在图书管里读很多的书,他感到愉快。
      Bored but free, he spent hours looking out of the window, watching the changing clouds and seasons. Perry filled up his free time with what he liked. He became creative, because he could think freely.
      无聊但是自由,他花费好几个小时看向窗外,看着不断变化的云彩四季。派瑞用他喜欢的事情打发时间。他变得很有创造力,因为他可以自由的构想。
      Dr. Belton is an expert on the effects of emotions on learning. “Boredom could be an uncomfortable feeling,” she said. “But some young people cannot deal with that boredom creatively. So sometimes they may break a classroom window, or drive a car out for a mad race.”
      贝尔顿是一名专家,研究情绪对学习的影响。“无聊可以是一种不舒服的感受”她说,“但是一些年轻人不能有创造力的应对无聊。因此有时候,他们可能会打破教室的窗户,或者驾车出去来场疯狂的比赛。
      Usually, when children have nothing to do, they would turn on the TV, the computer, or the phone. Their time on these things has increased, yet they need to have time to think about their experiences through play or just watching the world around them.
      通常,当学生没有什么事情做时,他们会打开电视,电脑,或者手机。他们在这些东西上花费的时间不断增加,然而,孩子们需要在玩中或者只是观察他们周围的世界中,花费时间去思考他们的生活经历。
      It is this kind of thinking that can inspire the imagination. On the other hand, the TV or phone may cut short the thinking process. That can be harmful to the development of creativity. 
      正是这种思维能激发想象力。另一方面,电视或者手机可能会打断思考过程。那对于创作力的发展是有害的。
      “For developing the ability to be creative,” Dr. Belton advised, “perhaps we need to stand and stare, and stay off-line from time to time.”
      贝尔顿博士建议:“想发展创作力,也许我们需要去站立和凝视,并且偶尔关上电视,电脑和手机。”